Category Archives: Biology

A New Map of How We Think: Top Brain/Bottom Brain

00 … research reveals that the top-brain system uses information about the surrounding environment (in combination with other sorts of information, such as emotional reactions and the need for food or drink) to figure out which goals to try to achieve. It actively formulates plans, generates expectations about what should happen when a plan is… Read More »

Brains cleaned while you sleep

00 It’s no secret that too little shut-eye can drain your brain, but scientists haven’t fully understood why. Now, a new study suggests that a good night’s sleep leaves you feeling sharp and refreshed because a newly discovered system that scrubs away neural waste is mostly active when you’re at rest. It’s a revelation that… Read More »

Wonder drug and supercharged immune cells offer cancer hope

00 GENETICALLY “supercharging” immune cells, and combining this with a new wonder drug, offers a new way to boost the body’s cancer defences, Melbourne researchers have found. Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre researchers hope the new treatment combination, tested successfully in animals, will eventually allow cancer patients to be immunised against relapses. The team combined the… Read More »

Researchers: We can watch 3-D with only one eye

00 Humans can see 3-D images with only one eye, according to new research, suggesting a future in which the technology could become cheaper and more accessible. Simply looking through a small hole is enough to experience 3-D, says Dhanraj Vishwanath, a psychologist at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. His research was published… Read More »

No viral cause found for breast cancer and brain tumors

00 Image: Raymond Rife who, in the 1930s, observed with a super microscope he built, a filterable virus he extracted from Mayo Clinic tumor samples. It was about 50 years before science accepted that some viruses do cause cancer. This makes the following study particularly interesting: A major study conducted at the Sahlgrenska Academy has… Read More »

New pathway can increase biofuel yields by 50 percent

00 A new synthetic metabolic pathway developed by chemical engineering researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles, can break down sugars quickly and efficiently. The researchers believe that the rate in which this new pathway allows for the breakdown of glucose could lead to a 50 percent increase in the production of biofuels. The… Read More »

Why glial cells should be included in the BRAIN initative

00 Glia, the non-neuronal cells that make up most of the brain, must not be left out of the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, says R. Douglas Fields, chief of the Nervous System Development and Plasticity Section at NIH, in Nature News. “A major stumbling block is the project’s failure to consider… Read More »

Why Do Mysterious Lizards Have Green Blood?

00 It’s not a trick of the imagination or a penchant for food coloring –Prasinohaema skinks living on the island of New Guinea actually have green blood, bones, and tissue – and one scientist is trying to figure out why. Louisiana State University biologist and National Geographic explorer Christopher Austin first became interested in these… Read More »

Scientists Turn Hunger On and Off In Brain

00 Recently, scientists have been coming up with more and more, er, creative ways of combatting the potentially fatal effects of obesity. Soon though, people with overeating disorders might have a single solution that stops the problem at the root. We could just turn off part of their brain. In pioneering research, a team of… Read More »

Link between gluten and Alzheimer’s

00 Dr. Mercola writes: Alzheimer’s disease is at epidemic proportions, with 5.4 million Americans–including one in eight people aged 65 and over–living with the disease. In the next 20 years, it is projected that Alzheimer’s will affect one in four Americans, rivaling the current prevalence of obesity and diabetes. There is still no known accepted… Read More »

Chinese man has new nose grown on forehead

00 A Chinese man has had a new nose grown on his FOREHEAD. The man, who has only been named as Xiaolian, had the treatment to create a replacement for his original nose which was infected and deformed. The procedure was carried out at a hospital in Fuzhou, Fujian province. The 22-year-old damaged his nose… Read More »

The 22 ingredients for a human

00 The human recipe includes a kilo of calcium, a pinch of salt Though we do seem terribly complicated, it turns out that a human being can be built, completely intact and complete, with just 22 ingredients. From A to zinc, evolution has shaped just these two dozen or so elements to make up everything… Read More »

Unusual mechanism of DNA synthesis could explain genetic mutations

00 … When chromosomes experience double-strand breaks due to oxidation, ionizing radiation, replication errors and certain metabolic products, cells utilize their genetically similar chromosomes to patch the gaps via a mechanism that involves both ends of the broken molecules. To repair a broken chromosome that lost one end, a unique configuration of the DNA replication… Read More »

Study Reports on Link Between Testicle Size and Parenting

00 The research involved 70 US men of varying ethnicities – most were Caucasian, five were Asian and 15 were African-American. All were the fathers of children aged one to two.The larger the volume of their testes, the less the men were involved in daily parenting activities like changing diapers, said the study by researchers… Read More »

Research renaissance offers new ways out of depression

00 As Susan sits chatting to a nurse in a London clinic, a light tapping sound by her head signals that parts of her brain are being zapped by thousands of tiny electro-magnetic pulses from a machine plugged into the wall. The 50 year-old doctor is among growing ranks of people with so-called treatment-resistant depression,… Read More »

Lyme Disease in the US — 10 Times Higher Than Reported

00 If you have symptoms of Lyme disease (eg. random fast twitches) treated it with a protocol of daily exercise (for oxygen), heat, healthy organic foods and non-antibiotic antimicrobials. If you do this faithfully for about six months, the symptoms should go away. … It’s worth noting that while many still attribute Lyme transmission exclusively… Read More »

A Potential Cause of Autism? Key Enzymes Are Found to Have a “Profound Effect” Across Dozens of Genes Linked to Autism

00 Problems with a key group of enzymes called topoisomerases can have profound effects on the genetic machinery behind brain development and potentially lead to autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to research announced today in the journal Nature. Scientists at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine have described a finding that represents a… Read More »

Stem Cells Mimic Human Brain

00 With the right mix of nutrients and a little bit of coaxing, human stem cells derived from skin can assemble spontaneously into brain-like chunks of tissue. Researchers provide the first description and application of these “mini-brains” today in Nature. “It’s a seminal study to making a brain in a dish,” says Clive Svendsen, a… Read More »

Brain Protein Is a Key to ‘Senior Moments,’ Study Finds

00 A protein in the brain could hold the key to reversing the age-related memory loss that causes “senior moments” of forgetfulness, Columbia University researchers report. Deficiency of a protein called RbAp48 in the hippocampus appears to significantly contribute to the memory loss that creeps up on you as you age, said study co-author Dr.… Read More »

This Optical Illusion Lets You See Your Own Brain Waves

00 The pinwheel-like drawing above is nothing but black and white lines. When you look at it the right way, though, something strange and beautiful happens: it begins to flicker. You may think it’s just a regular old optical illusion at first, but actually, you’re looking at your very own brain waves. To see the… Read More »

Cancer’s Origins Revealed: DNA-Damaging Processes Identified

00 — Researchers have provided the first comprehensive compendium of mutational processes that drive tumour development. Together, these mutational processes explain most mutations found in 30 of the most common cancer types. This new understanding of cancer development could help to treat and prevent a wide-range of cancers. via SciDaily Nice that science has had… Read More »

Hopping out glowing green bunnies for science

00 There’s a long history of scientists creating glowing animals, ranging from fish to mice to cats. Now, a team of scientists from the University of Hawaii and two universities in Turkey have genetically engineered some adorable, fuzzy, glowing baby bunnies. Out of a herd of eight baby bunnies, two glow under blacklight. The glowing… Read More »

Easy genetic screening could save your life

00 Here’s a crowd funding project for your donations. The idea is to help identify your individual genetic differences and tell you about medications that could be dangerous or even deadly for you. The time for individualized care is now. (Dr Jeffrey Rosenfeld) recently started a company named Genome Liberty that will use genetic information… Read More »

Gum Disease may be linked to Dementia

00 A new study published today states that poor dental health and gum disease may be linked to Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. According to the website, the study, which is from the University of Central Lancashire School of Medicine and Dentistry, is the first to pinpoint a specific gum disease bacteria in the brain.… Read More »

Experts Call for Redefinition of “Cancer”

00 A panel of experts commissioned by the U.S. National Cancer Institute says that the word “cancer” may need to be redefined to prevent overdiagnosis and overtreatment of conditions that are often not lethal. Writing in the July 29 online edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association, the experts say that widespread cancer… Read More »

Urine stem cells used to create teeth

10 Stem cells obtained from urine could allow us to regrow lost teeth, according to scientists. In mice, a new system of tissue culture has allowed researchers to grow the cells into tiny structures resembling teeth, and they hope one day the technology could permit them to build the real thing in human patients. The… Read More »

Mechanism Behind Squids’ and Octopuses’ Ability to Change Color Revealed

00 Color in living organisms can be formed two ways: pigmentation or anatomical structure. Structural colors arise from the physical interaction of light with biological nanostructures. A wide range of organisms possess this ability, but the biological mechanisms underlying the process have been poorly understood. … Two years ago, an interdisciplinary team from UC Santa… Read More »

First dino “blood” extracted from ancient bone

00 … A dinosaur bone buried for 80 million years has yielded a mix of proteins and microstructures resembling cells. The finding is important because it should resolve doubts about a previous report that also claimed to have extracted dino tissue from fossils. Proteins such as collagen are far more durable than DNA, but they… Read More »

Those Fish Oil Supplements Might Cause Cancer

00 There’s a Forbes article that says fish oils may cause cancer The article below explains why this is probably not true. On July 10, 2013, the media jumped on news that too much fish oil might boost prostate cancer risk. As someone who has studied the many benefits of fish oil for many… Read More »

CBD Gives Birth To New Neurons In the Brain

00 A study published in The International Journal of Neurophamacologypoints to Cannabidiol (CBD) as a cause of Neurogenesis in the brain. Specifically, this birth of new neurons occurred in theHippocampus, an area typically associated with conscious memory and navigation. Neurogenesis is responsible for creating new neurons within the brain. These neurons process and carry information… Read More »

Strawberries Can Reverse Precancerous Progression

00 Because of the well-defined, stepwise progression of esophageal (cancer), researchers jumped on it as a way to test the ability of berries – the healthiest fruits – to reverse the progression… A randomized phase 2 clinical trial of strawberries for patients with precancerous lesions of the esophagus was undertaken. Six months of eating the… Read More »

Pioneering adult stem cell trial approved by Japan

00 The first trial of stem cells produced from a patient’s own body has been approved by the Japanese government. Stem cells can become any other part of the body – from nerve to bone to skin – and are touted as the future of medicine. Researchers in Japan will use the cells to attempt… Read More »