Category Archives: Archaeology

Caveman With Blue Eyes Shocks Scientists

00 Scientists examining the DNA of ancient remains find surprising new evidence of how early Europeans had dark skin and blue eyes. Image: An artist’s impression of the face of a 7,000-year-old man, reconstructed from his skeleton. His remains were discovered in a cold subterranean cave 5,000ft below sea level in the Cantabrian mountains of… Read More »

Pre- Viking Brew: Surprisingly Good

00 Ancient Scandinavians quaffed an alcoholic mixture of barley, honey, cranberries, herbs and even grape wine imported from Greece and Rome, new research finds. This Nordic “grog” predates the Vikings. It was found buried in tombs alongside warriors and priestesses, and is now available at liquor stores across the United States, thanks to a reconstruction… Read More »

Mysterious Package Found in Century-Old Time Capsule

00 If you opened a 101-year-old time capsule and found a mysterious package addressed to the descendants of an unknown man, would you open it? That’s the question a church in Michigan now faces after they recently cracked open a time capsule from 1912, and found something they couldn’t quite explain. The Lansing State Journal… Read More »

Colossal new predatory dino terrorized early tyrannosaurs

00 This is an illustration of Siats meekerorum. Credit: Jorge GonzalesA new species of carnivorous dinosaur — one of the three largest ever discovered in North America — lived alongside and competed with small-bodied tyrannosaurs 98 million years ago. This newly discovered species, Siats meekerorum, (pronounced see-atch) was the apex predator of its time, and… Read More »

More than 600 ancient seals and amulets found

00 Classical scholars from the Cluster of Excellence “Religion and Politics” made an unusually large find of seals in an ancient sanctuary in Turkey. They discovered more than 600 stamp seals and cylinder seals at the sacred site of the storm and weather god Jupiter Dolichenus, 100 of which in the current year alone. “Such… Read More »

Skull may change story of human evolution

00 Georgian scientists on Friday showed off a 1.8 million-year-old skull discovered in the Caucasus nation that researchers say could force a re-evaluation of current theories of human evolution. The skull – unearthed in the medieval town of Dmanisi some 100 kilometres (62 miles) southwest of Tbilisi – is the first completely preserved skull found… Read More »

Math explains history: Simulation accurately captures the evolution of ancient complex societies

00 The question of how human societies evolve from small groups to the huge, anonymous and complex societies of today has been answered mathematically, accurately matching the historical record on the emergence of complex states in the ancient world. Intense warfare is the evolutionary driver of large complex societies, according to new research from a… Read More »

Archaeologists’ tricorder reveals objects’ ancient origins

00 Tricorder-style handheld scanners could help archaeologists uncover historical secrets without having to wait months for laboratory results. Researchers from Sheffield University have adapted technology used to identify materials in scrap metal yards and docks, in order to determine the geographical origin of certain stone tools in just 10 seconds. The portable scanner uses X-rays… Read More »

Ancient Jewelry Had Extraterrestrial Origin

00 Iron is a great material for making tools. But the oldest known iron artifacts were actually intended for decoration: nine Egyptian beads that date back to 3200 BC. And now we know that this ancient jewelry has an even more impressive origin–the iron out of which it was crafted came from space. The metal… Read More »

Researchers: Neanderthals Taught Humans How to Use Bone Tools

00 Scientists gathered to participate in the analysis of new evidence surrounding Neanderthals at the University of Wollongong. Their conclusions center around specialized tools, crafted from deer ribs that were discovered with Neanderthal dead. Previously these tools were solely associated with modern humans. Findings suggest that these tools were actually invented by Neanderthals and later… Read More »

Petroglyphs in North America dated to up to 14,800 years ago

00 University of Colorado Boulder researcher shows the oldest known petroglyphs in North America, which are cut into several boulders in western Nevada, date to at least 10,500 years ago and perhaps even as far back as 14,800 years ago. The petroglyphs located at the Winnemucca Lake petroglyph site 35 miles northeast of Reno consist… Read More »

First dino “blood” extracted from ancient bone

00 … A dinosaur bone buried for 80 million years has yielded a mix of proteins and microstructures resembling cells. The finding is important because it should resolve doubts about a previous report that also claimed to have extracted dino tissue from fossils. Proteins such as collagen are far more durable than DNA, but they… Read More »

Ireland Mystery: A 5,000-Year Old Empty Tomb

00 The Neolithic passage tomb of Seefin stands on top of a 650m high mountain in North Wicklow. It appears to be part of a series of tombs, as a number of other peaks in the area like Seefingan and Seahan also have similar large cairns covering passage tombs. This would have been an incredibly… Read More »

‘World’s oldest calendar’ discovered in Scottish field

00 Archaeologists believe they have discovered the world’s oldest lunar “calendar” in an Aberdeenshire field.Excavations of a field at Crathes Castle found a series of 12 pits which appear to mimic the phases of the moon and track lunar months.A team led by the University of Birmingham suggests the ancient monument was created by hunter-gatherers… Read More »

Ancient Maya City Discovered in Mexico

00 It must be World Discover-Lost-Cities Week! Barely a week after we heard the exciting news of a lost city found in Cambodia, comes the announcement of an ancient Maya city discovered in Mexico’s Central Lowlands.  … Past Horizons wrote: In these spaces are scattered numerous pyramidal structures, two ballgame courts, patios, plazas, sculptured monuments… Read More »

Discovery of Oldest Primate Skeleton, Ancestor of Humans and Apes

00 An international team of researchers has announced the discovery of the world’s oldest known fossil primate skeleton representing a previously unknown genus and species named Archicebus achilles. The fossil was unearthed from an ancient lake bed in central China’s Hubei Province, near the course of the modern Yangtze River. In addition to being the… Read More »

Cave paintings in Mexico: Carvings uncovered in Burgos

00 Archaeologists in Mexico have found 4,926 well-preserved cave paintings in the north-eastern region of Burgos. The images in red, yellow, black and white depict humans, animals and insects, as well as skyscapes and abstract scenes. The paintings were found in 11 different sites – but the walls of one cave were covered with 1,550… Read More »

Lost City of Ciudad Blanca Discovered?

00 The Google Map of eastern Honduras is almost blank. A vast and virtually unexplored rainforest region known as the Mosquitia covers around 32,000 square miles, home to dense jungle, hostile terrain and the terrifying-sounding jumping viper. Legend has it that somewhere beneath the forest canopy lies the ancient city of Ciudad Blanca — and… Read More »

Secret streets of Britain’s Atlantis are revealed

00   Image: A 3-D visualization of underwater ruins of St Katherine’s Church, Dunwich, UK. A University of Southampton professor has carried out the most detailed analysis ever of the archaeological remains of the lost medieval town of Dunwich, dubbed ‘Britain’s Atlantis’. Funded and supported by English Heritage, and using advanced underwater imaging techniques, the… Read More »

Robot finds mysterious spheres in ancient temple

00 The archaeologists used a 3-foot-long, remote-controlled robot which was able to explore the last part of the tunnel. Hundreds of mysterious spheres lie beneath the Temple of the Feathered Serpent, an ancient six-level step pyramid just 30 miles from Mexico City. The enigmatic spheres were found during an archaeological dig using a camera-equipped robot… Read More »

Ancient Clockwork

00 In 1900, a worn bronze machine was hauled from an ancient Greek shipwreck. With dozens of crumbling gears, the machine puzzled experts for more than a century. This documentary follows researchers who have come to suspect the machine, known as the Antikythera mechanism, is a miniature planetarium that tracked the Sun and the Moon… Read More »

Massive prehistoric bird extinction linked to human colonization

00 Research by a University of Tennessee, Knoxville professor has found that about a thousand bird species became extinct following human colonization. Research by Alison Boyer, a research assistant professor in ecology and evolutionary biology, and an international team studied the extinction rates of nonperching land birds in the Pacific Islands from 700 to 3,500… Read More »

2.7-million-year-old fungus found deep under seafloor

00 The story of life on Earth keeps getting stranger. Researchers report they’ve discovered dormant algae and a thriving community of carbon-chomping fungus deep beneath the ocean floor in 2.7-million-year-old mud. Genetic evidence indicates the most deeply buried fungi are distinct from wind-blown relatives at the planet’s surface, suggesting the fungal communities are ancient and… Read More »

World’s oldest undeciphered writing

00 Proto-Elamite is the last remaining undeciphered writing from the ancient world The world’s oldest undeciphered writing system, which has so far defied attempts to uncover its 5,000-year-old secrets, could be about to be decoded by Oxford University academics. This international research project is already casting light on a lost bronze age middle eastern society… Read More »

The Mysterious Stone Balls of Costa Rica

00 In the 1930s, tens of spherically shaped stones were discovered in the jungle of Costa Rica. The stone balls were found by workers who were clearing a jungle area for banana plantations. They did not know what the objects were and almost 80 years later we still don’t know. The balls were found in… Read More »