Category Archives: Archaeology

Caveman With Blue Eyes Shocks Scientists

Scientists examining the DNA of ancient remains find surprising new evidence of how early Europeans had dark skin and blue eyes. Image: An artist’s impression of the face of a 7,000-year-old man, reconstructed from his skeleton. His remains were discovered in a cold subterranean cave 5,000ft below sea level in the Cantabrian mountains of northwest… Read More »

Pre- Viking Brew: Surprisingly Good

Ancient Scandinavians quaffed an alcoholic mixture of barley, honey, cranberries, herbs and even grape wine imported from Greece and Rome, new research finds. This Nordic “grog” predates the Vikings. It was found buried in tombs alongside warriors and priestesses, and is now available at liquor stores across the United States, thanks to a reconstruction effort… Read More »

Mysterious Package Found in Century-Old Time Capsule

If you opened a 101-year-old time capsule and found a mysterious package addressed to the descendants of an unknown man, would you open it? That’s the question a church in Michigan now faces after they recently cracked open a time capsule from 1912, and found something they couldn’t quite explain. The Lansing State Journal has… Read More »

Colossal new predatory dino terrorized early tyrannosaurs

This is an illustration of Siats meekerorum. Credit: Jorge GonzalesA new species of carnivorous dinosaur — one of the three largest ever discovered in North America — lived alongside and competed with small-bodied tyrannosaurs 98 million years ago. This newly discovered species, Siats meekerorum, (pronounced see-atch) was the apex predator of its time, and kept… Read More »

More than 600 ancient seals and amulets found

Classical scholars from the Cluster of Excellence “Religion and Politics” made an unusually large find of seals in an ancient sanctuary in Turkey. They discovered more than 600 stamp seals and cylinder seals at the sacred site of the storm and weather god Jupiter Dolichenus, 100 of which in the current year alone. “Such large… Read More »

Skull may change story of human evolution

Georgian scientists on Friday showed off a 1.8 million-year-old skull discovered in the Caucasus nation that researchers say could force a re-evaluation of current theories of human evolution. The skull – unearthed in the medieval town of Dmanisi some 100 kilometres (62 miles) southwest of Tbilisi – is the first completely preserved skull found from… Read More »

Math explains history: Simulation accurately captures the evolution of ancient complex societies

The question of how human societies evolve from small groups to the huge, anonymous and complex societies of today has been answered mathematically, accurately matching the historical record on the emergence of complex states in the ancient world. Intense warfare is the evolutionary driver of large complex societies, according to new research from a trans-disciplinary… Read More »

Archaeologists’ tricorder reveals objects’ ancient origins

Tricorder-style handheld scanners could help archaeologists uncover historical secrets without having to wait months for laboratory results. Researchers from Sheffield University have adapted technology used to identify materials in scrap metal yards and docks, in order to determine the geographical origin of certain stone tools in just 10 seconds. The portable scanner uses X-rays to… Read More »

Researchers: Neanderthals Taught Humans How to Use Bone Tools

Scientists gathered to participate in the analysis of new evidence surrounding Neanderthals at the University of Wollongong. Their conclusions center around specialized tools, crafted from deer ribs that were discovered with Neanderthal dead. Previously these tools were solely associated with modern humans. Findings suggest that these tools were actually invented by Neanderthals and later adopted… Read More »

Petroglyphs in North America dated to up to 14,800 years ago

University of Colorado Boulder researcher shows the oldest known petroglyphs in North America, which are cut into several boulders in western Nevada, date to at least 10,500 years ago and perhaps even as far back as 14,800 years ago. The petroglyphs located at the Winnemucca Lake petroglyph site 35 miles northeast of Reno consist of… Read More »

First dino “blood” extracted from ancient bone

… A dinosaur bone buried for 80 million years has yielded a mix of proteins and microstructures resembling cells. The finding is important because it should resolve doubts about a previous report that also claimed to have extracted dino tissue from fossils. Proteins such as collagen are far more durable than DNA, but they had… Read More »

Ancient Maya City Discovered in Mexico

It must be World Discover-Lost-Cities Week! Barely a week after we heard the exciting news of a lost city found in Cambodia, comes the announcement of an ancient Maya city discovered in Mexico’s Central Lowlands.  … Past Horizons wrote: In these spaces are scattered numerous pyramidal structures, two ballgame courts, patios, plazas, sculptured monuments and… Read More »

Robot finds mysterious spheres in ancient temple

The archaeologists used a 3-foot-long, remote-controlled robot which was able to explore the last part of the tunnel. Hundreds of mysterious spheres lie beneath the Temple of the Feathered Serpent, an ancient six-level step pyramid just 30 miles from Mexico City. The enigmatic spheres were found during an archaeological dig using a camera-equipped robot at… Read More »

Massive prehistoric bird extinction linked to human colonization

Research by a University of Tennessee, Knoxville professor has found that about a thousand bird species became extinct following human colonization. Research by Alison Boyer, a research assistant professor in ecology and evolutionary biology, and an international team studied the extinction rates of nonperching land birds in the Pacific Islands from 700 to 3,500 years… Read More »

Four Wings? Extra Feathered Limbs May Have Helped Early Birds Fly

It’s now generally accepted that the large leg feathers of the Microraptor were useful in flight, but a nagging question long remained unanswered: Did birds go through a “four-winged” stage, or were dinosaurs like the Microraptor merely an evolutionary side-branch?The new study, which published in the journal Science on Friday, has provided the first “solid… Read More »

2.7-million-year-old fungus found deep under seafloor

The story of life on Earth keeps getting stranger. Researchers report they’ve discovered dormant algae and a thriving community of carbon-chomping fungus deep beneath the ocean floor in 2.7-million-year-old mud. Genetic evidence indicates the most deeply buried fungi are distinct from wind-blown relatives at the planet’s surface, suggesting the fungal communities are ancient and isolated.… Read More »

World’s oldest undeciphered writing

Proto-Elamite is the last remaining undeciphered writing from the ancient world The world’s oldest undeciphered writing system, which has so far defied attempts to uncover its 5,000-year-old secrets, could be about to be decoded by Oxford University academics. This international research project is already casting light on a lost bronze age middle eastern society where… Read More »