A total solar eclipse will take place on 13–14 November 2012 (UTC), beginning in local time on November 14 west of theInternational Date Line over northern Australia, and ending on November 13 east of the date line off the western South American coast. Its greatest magnitude is 1.0500, occurring only 12 hours beforeperigee, with greatest eclipse totality lasting just over 4 minutes. A solar eclipseoccurs when the Moon passes betweenEarth and the Sun, thereby totally or partially obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon’s apparent diameteris larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide….