Plasma gasification melting technology (PGM)

By | March 8, 2008

More research for the Xenophilia Energy Company. My idea is to sell small clean power producing units for personal use, but I’m not sure which technologies to use yet.


With the help of Russian scientists, Israeli firm Environmental Energy Resources (EER), has … a reactor that converts radioactive, hazardous and municipal waste into inert byproducts such as glass and clean energy. …

“In the beginning, nobody believed that we could do it,” says Itschak Shrem, chair of investment company Shrem, Fudim and Keiner representing EER at a press briefing announcing the innovation last week in Tel Aviv.

Shrem, himself an invoker of small miracles through the founding of one of Israel’s most lucrative venture capital funds – Polaris (now Pitango) – points to a chunk of black, lava-like rock sitting on the table in front of everyone’s coffee cups.

The journalists cautiously eye Shrem as he assures them that the shiny dark material, emitted from EER’s pilot waste treatment reactor near Karmiel in the north, is safe to touch.

“It also makes a good recyclable material for building and paving roads,” he assures them. Earlier, Shrem told ISRAEL21c that EER can take low-radioactive, medical and municipal solid waste and produce from it clean energy that “can be used for just about anything.”

Using a system called plasma gasification melting technology (PGM) developed by scientists from Russia’s Kurchatov Institute research centre, the Radon Institute in Russia, and Israel’s Technion Institute – EER combines high temperatures and low-radioactive energy to transform waste.

“We go up to 7,000 degrees centigrade and end at 1,400 centigrade,” says Moshe Stern, founder and president of the Ramat Gan-based company.

Shrem adds that EER’s waste disposal rector does not harm the environment and leaves no surface water, groundwater, or soil pollution in its wake. The EER reactor combines three processes into one solution: it takes plasma torches to break down the waste; carbon leftovers are gasified and inorganic components are converted to solid waste. The remaining vitrified material is inert and can be cast into molds to produce tiles, blocks or plates for the construction industry.

EER’s Karmiel facility (and its other installation in the Ukraine) has a capacity to convert 500 to 1,000 kilograms of waste per hour. Other industry solutions, the company claims, can only treat as much as 50 kilograms per hour and are much more costly.

According to the journal Research Studies (Business Communications, Inc.), “The production of nuclear weapons/power in the United States has left a 50-year legacy of unprecedented volumes of radioactive waste and contaminated subsurface media and structures… Nuclear waste generators include the national laboratories, industrial research facilities, educational and medical institutions, electrical power utilities, medical diagnostics facilities, and various manufacturing processes.”

In the United States alone, Research Studies predicts that this year’s market for radioactive waste-management technologies in America will cap $5.5 billion.

EER was founded in 2000 and has maintained a low profile until revealing its reactor last week. “We spent our time on R&D and building up the site in Israel which we started constructing in 2003. We realized that nobody was going to believe us unless we started doing the process physically. They always said it sounded too good to be true, so we had to prove it to them,” said Shrem.

Back in 2004, the Ukrainian government put out a tender searching for a solution that would provide safer hazardous waste disposal methods. At that time, the country was looking for a way to treat its low-radioactive waste zones resulting from the Chernobyl explosion. EER sent in their proposal, and their technology won the bid.

According to Stern, the former Soviet Union was the first to build nuclear plants. Over the years they have generated “huge amounts of low-radioactive waste. They came to us looking for a solution,” he said.

The Chernobyl nuclear meltdown on April 26, 1986, was beyond a doubt the largest civil nuclear explosion in the world and one still linked to thousands of deaths. More than 20 years after the explosion, the area around the reactor is still highly radioactive; and some 30,000 radioactive homes remain buried along with household appliances, food and clothing, explained Stern.

“The European community is afraid of what is happening there,” notes Stern, warning that it is time for the cleanup to begin, even if it means making only a small dent in the massive pile. “The low-radioactive waste is slowly contaminating the water and will continue to do so over the 300 years it takes to break down.”…

StarTech illustration of a Plasma Converter that reportedly goes for $250 million per unit. Startech is installing six units for U.S. Energy on Long Island. Joseph Longo, Startech founder and CEO, promises to make a relic of the landfill by turning trash into clean energy. – jcw

With a strict eye over its operations by Israel’s Ministry of Environmental Protection, EER revealed its proof-of-concept to Israeli and foreign dignitaries in Aeblin, near Karmiel last week, showing how it can take mountains of municipal waste and reduce it to a pile of black rubble.

“We are not burning. This is the key word,” Shrem said. “When you burn you produce dioxin. Instead, we vacuum out the oxygen to prevent combustion.”

EER then purifies the gas and with it operates turbines to generate electricity. EER produces energy – 70 per cent of which goes back to power the reactor with a 30 per cent excess which can be sold.

“In effect, we are combining two of the most exciting markets in the United States – the environment and clean energy,” says Stern, “We also reduce the carbon footprint.”

The cost for treating and burying low-radioactive nuclear waste currently stands at about $30,000 per ton. The EER process will cost $3,000 per ton and produce only a 1 per cent per volume solid byproduct.

In the United States, EER is working to treat low-radioactive liquid waste and recently contracted with Energy Solutions, the largest American company in the field with 75 per cent of the United States market. –

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6 thoughts on “Plasma gasification melting technology (PGM)

  1. Pingback: » Blog Archive » plasma gasification melting technology (PGM)


    Me gustaría contar con una versión en espeñol. Creo que un tema muy interesante y de avanzada.

  3. Xeno Post author

    Senior, copia y pega el texto en este Web site. Es muy malo como usted puede ver, pero trabaja bastante que usted puede entender el artículo.

    “I would like to tell on a version in espeñol. I believe that a very interesting subject and of outpost.”

  4. José Vilca

    agradeceré enviar como funciona el sistema de aislamiento del reactor y los costos por tonelada y por tipo de basura, por ejemplo para la basura de las grandes ciudades y para las empresas mineras.
    Gracias de antemano
    José Vilca

  5. Fisayo

    I am a waste researcher from Nigeria. A state in Nigeria generates over 9000tons of MSW per day. Please how can this technology be useful so we can promote its use in Nigeria

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