The September 11 attacks (often referred to as September 11th or 9/11) were a series of coordinated suicide attacks by Al-Qaeda upon the United States on September 11, 2001. On that morning, 19 Al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners. The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing everyone on board and many others working in the buildings. Both buildings collapsed within two hours, destroying nearby buildings and damaging others. The hijackers crashed a third airliner into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, just outside of Washington, D.C. The fourth plane crashed into a field near Shanksville in rural Pennsylvania, after some of its passengers and flight crew attempted to retake control of the plane, which the hijackers had redirected toward Washington, D.C. There were no survivors from any of the flights.
In total 2,993 people, including the hijackers, died in the attacks. The overwhelming majority of casualties were civilians, including nationals of over 90 countries. In addition, the death of at least one person from lung disease was ruled by a medical examiner to be a result of exposure to dust from the World Trade Center’s collapse. The United States responded to the attacks by launching a “War on Terrorism“, invading Afghanistan to depose the Taliban, who had harbored al-Qaeda terrorists, and enacting the USA PATRIOT Act. Many other countries also strengthened their anti-terrorism legislation and expanded law enforcement powers. Some American stock exchanges stayed closed for the rest of the week following the attack, and posted enormous losses upon reopening, especially in the airline and insurance industries. The destruction of billions of dollars worth of office space caused serious damage to the economy of Lower Manhattan.
The damage to the Pentagon was cleared and repaired within a year, and the Pentagon Memorial was built on the site. The rebuilding process has started on the World Trade Center site. In 2006 a new office tower was completed on the site of 7 World Trade Center. The 1 World Trade Center is currently under construction at the site and at 1,776 ft (541 m) upon completion in 2011, will become one of the tallest buildings in North America. Three more towers were originally expected to be built between 2007 and 2012 on the site.
I keep hearing “evidence shows” that Al-Qaeda terrorists were the attackers. What evidence?
- There were Arabic-language flight training manuals in a rental car the FBI impounded from the airport parking lot and it was rented by Mohammed Atta, described as the lead hijacker.
- The luggage of one of passenger did not make it onto the plane and the Boston Globe reported the luggage contained a Koran, an instructional video on flying commercial airliners and a fuel consumption calculator. (Source: dm)
- According to one report, US intelligence intercepted communications between Bin Laden supporters discussing the attacks on the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon. (Source: dm)
- Satam Al Suqami’s passport was found on the streets of New York during the debris clean up after the buildings fell. See image of passport below. (ABC, CNN, 9/11 commission)
- Phone calls from passengers on hijacked planes told that terrorists had taken over the plane.
1. The Mitsubishi [rental] car seized by police was identified by a civilian who got into an altercation with several Arab men as they were parking their car, it was reported. The unnamed man called Boston police after his own flight landed yesterday and he learned planes hijacked from Logan had been involved in the attacks. The car – rented from National Rental Car – has been seized by the FBI. Meanwhile, detectives interviewed more than 130 people at the airport. – (Source: dm)
1. At about 9 p.m. Tuesday, FBI agents and Massachusetts State Police towed a rented, late-model, white Mitsubishi Mirage with a Virginia license plate to an FBI garage. Arabic-language flight training manuals reportedly were found inside the car. (Source: abc [cached])
1. Marwan Alshehhi’s rental car is discovered at Boston’s Logan Airport containing an Arabic language flight manual, a pass giving access to restricted areas at the airport, documents containing a name on the passenger list of one of the flights, and the names of other suspects. The name of the flight school where Atta and Alshehhi studied, Huffman Aviation, is also found in the car. [Los Angeles Times, 9/13/2001]
1. September 7 , 2001 : Al-Shehhi and Atta stay at a Holiday Inn close to Sarasota , Florida where President Gerorge Bush plans to visit an elementary school on September 11 .
September 7 , 2001 : Al-Shehhi and Atta visit Shuckums , a sports bar in Hollywood , Florida .
September 9 , 2001 : Al-Shehhi returns a car previously rented by Atta to WARRICK RENT-A-CAR, Pompano Beach, Florida, and asks the charge be removed from Atta’s credit card and placed on his. – mpg
4. According to ABC News and the Associated Press, the passport of hijacker Satam Al Suqami was found a few blocks from the WTC. ABCNEWS sources identify another hijacker as Satan Suqami, a Saudi national on American Airlines Flight 11, whose passport was recovered in the rubble. (Source: abc [cached])
4. Al-Suqami’s passport was found by a passerby, reportedly in the vicinity of Vesey Street, (source: cnn) before the towers collapsed. According to testimony before the 9/11 Commission by lead counsel Susan Ginsburg, his passport had been “manipulated in a fraudulent manner in ways that have been associated with al Qaeda.” Passports belonging to Ziad Jarrah and Saeed al Ghamdi were found at the crash site of United Airlines flight #93. (Source: wikipedia)
4. MS. SUSAN GINSBURG: Beginning with passports. Four of the hijackers passports have survived in whole or in part. Two were recovered from the crash site of United Airlines flight 93 in Pennsylvania. These are the passports of Ziad Jarrah and Saeed al Ghamdi. One belonged to a hijacker on American Airlines flight 11. This is the passport of Satam al Suqami. A passerby picked it up and gave it to a NYPD detective shortly before the World Trade Center towers collapsed. A fourth passport was recovered from luggage that did not make it from a Portland flight to Boston on to the connecting flight which was American Airlines flight 11. This is the passport of Abdul Aziz al Omari. – (Source: 9/11 commission)
5. Partial passenger phone call transcripts here.
If you’d like to read the 9/11 commission report, you can read it on line. Harpers and many others call the report a whitewash, but I recommend that everyone look at the evidence presented. I’ve read so much on line, but I admit now that I’ve never read the complete 9/11 report. I’m starting it today.