Competing claims pile up around new element 113

By | October 1, 2012

Filling a gapIt has teased researchers for almost a decade. But new evidence for the existence of super-heavy element 113 could see Japan claim its first spot on the periodic table – that is, unless a team in Russia wins official approval for its latest results and bags the right to name the element.

Confirming the find is about more than monikers. Proving a viable method for producing element 113 could lead to even heavier finds, bringing researchers closer to the “island of stability”, a predicted set of very heavy elements that would remain stable for decades if created.

The heaviest known naturally occurring element is uranium, with atomic number 92. The atomic number refers to the number of protons in an atom’s nucleus. The number of neutrons in the nucleus can vary, leading to versions, or isotopes, with different atomic masses.

All elements with a higher atomic number than uranium must be produced synthetically by smashing atoms together to create larger nuclei.

Super-heavy elements are difficult to pin down because they are incredibly unstable and decay into elements with smaller nuclei in a matter of milliseconds. But by observing decays that emit alpha particles – combinations of two protons and two neutrons – researchers can work backwards up the chain to identify the starting atom. …

If both claims are verified, deciding which method succeeded first determines which team will get to name element 113.

Until now only scientists working at US, German and Russian laboratories have been able to claim discovery and name new elements. In 1908, Japanese chemist Masataka Ogawa was one of many to report the discovery of element 43, which he named nipponium after Nippon, the Japanese word for Japan. It was later determined he had actually made rhenium, element 75, and element 43 was officially named technetium by another claimant.

Morita says it is too early to discuss potential names for element 113, but says he hopes it could be related to Asia or Japan. …

via Competing claims pile up around new element 113 – physics-math – 27 September 2012 – New Scientist.

Huh? They rediscovered ununtrium? Well, yes.

Ununtrium Listeni/nˈntrəm/ is the temporary name of a synthetic element with the temporary symbol Uut and atomic number 113.

It is placed as the heaviest member of the group 13 (IIIA) elements although a sufficiently stable isotope is not known at this time that would allow chemical experiments to confirm its position as a heavier homologue to thallium. It was first detected in 2003 in the decay of ununpentium and was synthesized directly in 2004. Only fifteen atoms of ununtrium have been observed to date. The longest-lived isotope known is 286Uut with a half-life of ~20 s,[4] allowing first chemical experiments to study its chemistry.

 

No, it’s element 115, not 113 that Bob said was the source of the anti-gravity in those reverse engineered UFOs at a secret facility like Area 51.

NASA’s interest could be, according to some, because zero, anti-gravity, or anti-matter engines (like those described by Bob Lazar as already being available from reversed-engineered UFOs) would, among other things, revolutionize space travel.

Theoretical anti-matter engines could form a source of energy capable of moving large masses, even the size of asteroids and planetoids over billions of miles. Additionally, by distorting gravity, time and space would likewise be distorted.

“By doing that,” Lazar says, “now you’re into a different mode of travel, where instead of traveling in a linear method going from Point A to B, now you can distort time and space to where you essentially bring the mountain to Mohammad, you almost bring your destination to you without moving. And since you’re distorting time, all this takes place in between moments of time.”

Following part-one of this special report, in which we tied Lazar’s Element 115 claims to the research at Nottingham with feedback from nuclear physicist Stanton Friedman and scientist Stan Deyo, the Guardian wrote a second-parter of their own, pointing out that in 2004, Element 115 was verified along with Element 113 by a team of Russian and American physicists at the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California.

But it was the Element 115 of Lazar’s claims that proposed to become the holy grail of space flight, which, according to Lazar, created anti-matter when bombarded with protons.

“This anti-matter particle will react with any matter whatsoever,” he said. “This, in turn, releases heat, and somewhere within that system there is a one-hundred-percent-efficient thermionic generator, essentially a heat-to-electrical generator….The gravitational wave gets formed at the sphere, and that’s through some action of the 115, and the…. wave guide siphons off that gravity wave, and that’s channeled above the top of the disk to the lower part where there are three gravity amplifiers, which amplify and direct that gravity
wave.”

The “superheavy” elements, 113 and 115, named ununtrium and ununpentium by physicists, were believed to have been generated by exploding stars. According to Lazar they were created or at least manipulated by advanced extraterrestrials for space flight. Perhaps not coincidentally, Scientific American had discussed “Element 115” and its peculiar periodic neighbors just before Lazar referred to 115 as an ET fuel source.

via infoQuest

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